4. Indigenous Rights, Resistance, and Resurgence

Unit 4 examines historical and contemporary Indigenous rights & resistance movements, as well as examples of Indigenous organization, mobilization, and resistance throughout BC’s history.

First, we need to do a bit of background research to understand where we are now and how far we’ve come in terms of Indigenous rights and resistance movements.

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 1: Indigenous peoples all across Turtle Island (and BC specifically) have resisted colonial forces since contact. Gord Hill’s “500 Years of Reistance” graphic novel provides an accessible overview of many of the Indigenous resistance movements of the last few centuries. Take a look through the graphic novel (we have several copies) and choose one particular resistance movement. In a paragraph write a quick overview of the conflict.
the-500-years-of-resistance-comic-book-by-gord-hilresistance gord hill

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 2: There are a series of developments in the province from the early 1900s onward that set the stage for many of the Indigenous rights and resistance movements today. Locate the following events and organizations in Chapter 8 & 9 of your textbook. Take a few quick point form notes (ie 2-3 points) on each:

Victoria Conference (1911)
The Allied Indian Tribes
Potlatch Ban
Native Brotherhood of BC
The Constitution Act

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 3: A number of significant court cases in the 20th century have shaped the current legal framework for Indigenous-settler relations. Fill out the following chart as you learn about these cases: court cases. 

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 4: The Oka Crisis aka Mohawk Resistance was a pivotal moment in modern Indigenous-settler relations. Watch the video below for a quick introduction.

Start around the 26:40 mark: this documentary examines the aftermath of the Oka Crisis, and how it led to an era of increased political resistance for Indigenous groups:

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 5: Idle No More. The most prominent resistance movement in recent Canadian history is Idle No More. Do some research online (youtube videos, news articles, etc) and answer the following questions:

  1. What were the goals of the Idle No More movement?
  2. How did the Idle No More movement go about achieving those goals?
  3. Was the movement successful? Why or why not?
  4. What do you think the impact or legacy of the Idle No More movement is?

*************************************************************************************************************

ACTIVITY 6: First Nations society today & the struggle for self-governance. Ask Rory for Chapter 12/13 hand-out

*************************************************************************************************************